Não estamos mais na época de eleição presidencial, mas mantenhamos na cabeça os resultados.
Dever de casa: fazer os meus resumos com esta estrutura.
DO LEADERS MATTER? NATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND GROWTH SINCE WORLD WAR II
B.F. Jones & B.A. Olken
Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 120, No. 3 (2005)
|Principal Research Question and Key Result||Are growth rates influenced by individual leaders? By exploiting exogenous variation in leadership the authors conclude that leaders do in deed matter for growth. This result holds only for changes in leaders in autocratic regimes, not in democratic regimes.|
|Theory||Leaders may have some agency, but they are constrained by a historically determined set of choices from which they must make decisions according to Marx. A conflicting view is the “great man” view whereby outcomes are determined by highly idiosyncratic leadership. A more moderate view is that of Weber who claims that charismatic leadership can be deterministic in certain settings, but only when the institutional norms etc. do not constrain the actions of the leader. In other words it…|
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