O mercado de trabalho para doutores recém formados nos EUA é bem diferente do nosso, um tanto mais centralizado e organizado pelas instituições (ironia?), mas é uma ótima história ainda mais contada por alguém que acabou de viver ela na pele.
The Job Market is the main process by which PhD economists get jobs, though not the only process. There are plenty of jobs outside the Job Market, which you get by applying in the normal way (cold calling, resume mailing, connections, etc.). But the Job Market has three advantages, namely:
1. The job advertisement, application, and interview processes are all centralized,
2. You get the resources of your academic department to help you send out your applications, and
3. You are almost completely assured of getting some sort of job at the end of the process.
Jobs that are included in the Job Market are almost all posted on one website: Job Openings for Economists, which is run by the American Economic Association. You find the jobs you want to apply for, you send a list of these to your department, and you find three or four people to write you letters of recommendation.